In collaboration with
19 July 2023
0800 Washington / 1300 London / 1730 New Delhi / 2100 Tokyo / 2200 Canberra
Lt. General Philip A. Garrant
Deputy Chief of Space Operations
Strategy, Plans, Programs, and Requirements, U.S. Space Force
Brigadier Chris Garniner, DSM Director General Space Operations Coordination Defence Space Command, Joint Capabilities Office, Australian Defence Force
Air Vice Marshal Anil Golani (ret.), Additional Director General, Centre for Air Power Studies in New Delhi (CAPS).
Major General Hiroaki Sakanashi
Defense Planning & Policy, Air Staff Office, Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF)
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As the United States has shown, commercial space companies are vital for national defense. The power of public-private collaboration has accelerated technological advances across the spectrum. This is inspiring national space agencies to work with private sectors in partner nations of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue in Australia, India, Japan, and the United States. The Quad is evolving into a platform for mutual security supported by a series of foundational defense agreements. At the first in- person Summit in September 2021, cooperation in space was adopted and reinforced in subsequent Summits in 2022 and 2023. This webinar will explore private sector support from four national security perspectives. The central question is, “How can allied space forces and their commercial partners learn from each other?"
The Australian Space Agency (ASA) was created in 2018 by the government’s Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, with a focus on civil use. The department establishes Australia’s National Science and Technology (NSST) strategy, while national space security and defense will fall under the new Space Force in January 2022, administered by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). The Space Force will rely on a robust local industry supported by private investment and government programs such as the Modern Manufacturing Initiative, which has identified space as a priority sector.
India’s long-standing Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), a civilian agency, has coordinated India’s military and civilian space programs since the 1960s. In 2019 India established the Defense Space Agency (DSA), a tri-Service organization under the Ministry of Defense. A new generation of private space companies is now incentivized across domains, from research and development, from materials to processes, from optics and sensors to satellites.
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) was formed in 2003 by merging three aerospace organizations, the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, the National Aerospace Laboratory, and the National Space Development Agency of Japan from the 1960s. It is a civil organization with limited responsibilities for defense, working in coordination with the Ministry of Defense and the National Office for Space Policy, and in public-private ventures with a constellation of private companies. In 2020 the first Space Operations Squadron was established by the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).
The United States boasts the world’s leading space agency, NASA, with more than 700 international partners since its inception. NASA has been cultivating public-private ventures for decades, including surveillance and security. For defense, however, the US Space Force was created in 2019 as the sixth branch of military services. It is pioneering new acquisition pathways for private companies under a newly created Space Systems Command (SSC) and is implementing an agile whole-of-digitalization approach across the organization.